|<< Ex 35|
|This is the New King James text of the passages.|
Exodus 36-38 Listen
Stop passing the plate! (Exodus 36:1-7)
1 “And Bezalel and Aholiab, and every gifted artisan in whom the LORD has put wisdom and understanding, to know how to do all manner of work for the service of the sanctuary, shall do according to all that the LORD has commanded.”
2 ¶ Then Moses called Bezalel and Aholiab, and every gifted artisan in whose heart the LORD had put wisdom, everyone whose heart was stirred, to come and do the work.
3 And they received from Moses all the offering which the children of Israel had brought for the work of the service of making the sanctuary. So they continued bringing to him freewill offerings every morning.
4 Then all the craftsmen who were doing all the work of the sanctuary came, each from the work he was doing,
5 and they spoke to Moses, saying, “The people bring much more than enough for the service of the work which the LORD commanded us to do.”
6 ¶ So Moses gave a commandment, and they caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, saying, “Let neither man nor woman do any more work for the offering of the sanctuary.” And the people were restrained from bringing,
7 for the material they had was sufficient for all the work to be done—indeed too much.
I guess the Hebrews were just really, really thankful that God forgave them for that calf incident back in Exodus 32 (see notes). When the workmen get started on the Tabernacle, the people willingly bring more offerings than can be used. Moses has to command the people to stop bringing their offerings. Construction has begun. Now we're going to see the execution in the next three chapters of the specifications God had given Moses concerning the Tabernacle.
The Tabernacle and the Tent (Exodus 36:8-38)
8 ¶ Then all the gifted artisans among them who worked on the tabernacle made ten curtains woven of fine linen, and of blue, purple, and scarlet thread; with artistic designs of cherubim they made them.
9 The length of each curtain was twenty-eight cubits, and the width of each curtain four cubits; the curtains were all the same size.
10 And he coupled five curtains to one another, and the other five curtains he coupled to one another.
11 He made loops of blue yarn on the edge of the curtain on the selvedge of one set; likewise he did on the outer edge of the other curtain of the second set.
12 Fifty loops he made on one curtain, and fifty loops he made on the edge of the curtain on the end of the second set; the loops held one curtain to another.
13 And he made fifty clasps of gold, and coupled the curtains to one another with the clasps, that it might be one tabernacle.
14 ¶ He made curtains of goats’ hair for the tent over the tabernacle; he made eleven curtains.
15 The length of each curtain was thirty cubits, and the width of each curtain four cubits; the eleven curtains were the same size.
16 He coupled five curtains by themselves and six curtains by themselves.
17 And he made fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is outermost in one set, and fifty loops he made on the edge of the curtain of the second set.
18 He also made fifty bronze clasps to couple the tent together, that it might be one.
19 Then he made a covering for the tent of ram skins dyed red, and a covering of badger skins above that.
20 ¶ For the tabernacle he made boards of acacia wood, standing upright.
21 The length of each board was ten cubits, and the width of each board a cubit and a half.
22 Each board had two tenons for binding one to another. Thus he made for all the boards of the tabernacle.
23 And he made boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards for the south side.
24 Forty sockets of silver he made to go under the twenty boards: two sockets under each of the boards for its two tenons.
25 And for the other side of the tabernacle, the north side, he made twenty boards
26 and their forty sockets of silver: two sockets under each of the boards.
27 For the west side of the tabernacle he made six boards.
28 He also made two boards for the two back corners of the tabernacle.
29 And they were coupled at the bottom and coupled together at the top by one ring. Thus he made both of them for the two corners.
30 So there were eight boards and their sockets—sixteen sockets of silver—two sockets under each of the boards.
31 ¶ And he made bars of acacia wood: five for the boards on one side of the tabernacle,
32 five bars for the boards on the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the tabernacle on the far side westward.
33 And he made the middle bar to pass through the boards from one end to the other.
34 He overlaid the boards with gold, made their rings of gold to be holders for the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold.
35 ¶ And he made a veil of blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen; it was worked with an artistic design of cherubim.
36 He made for it four pillars of acacia wood, and overlaid them with gold, with their hooks of gold; and he cast four sockets of silver for them.
37 ¶ He also made a screen for the tabernacle door, of blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and fine woven linen, made by a weaver,
38 and its five pillars with their hooks. And he overlaid their capitals and their rings with gold, but their five sockets were bronze.
The Wilderness Tabernacle
These pictures were taken of a full-scale model of the tabernacle made to specifications located in Timna Park in Israel, 20 miles north of Eilat. The photographs are courtesy of BiblePlaces.com.
In these 31 verses we see the description of the Tabernacle itself before we take a look at the vessels within. Notice the bright colors used for the tent and the exact specifications from which they worked. This section repeats the instructions of Exodus 26:1-37. If you need a refresher, see the summaries on Exodus 25-27 (see notes).
Following are the verses dealing with the details describing workmanship of the tent itself:
It's deja vu all over again! (Exodus 37-38)
If you think you've already seen what follows, you are correct. The first time was when God told Moses how to build the Tabernacle, at which time these same specifications were given. In this passage, the operative words are "he made." They are actually now building it according to the specifications God described to Moses previously.
The Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 37:1-9)
1 Then Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood; two and a half cubits was its length, a cubit and a half its width, and a cubit and a half its height.
2 He overlaid it with pure gold inside and outside, and made a molding of gold all around it.
3 And he cast for it four rings of gold to be set in its four corners: two rings on one side, and two rings on the other side of it.
4 He made poles of acacia wood, and overlaid them with gold.
5 And he put the poles into the rings at the sides of the ark, to bear the ark.
6 He also made the mercy seat of pure gold; two and a half cubits was its length and a cubit and a half its width.
7 He made two cherubim of beaten gold; he made them of one piece at the two ends of the mercy seat:
8 one cherub at one end on this side, and the other cherub at the other end on that side. He made the cherubim at the two ends of one piece with the mercy seat.
9 The cherubim spread out their wings above, and covered the mercy seat with their wings. They faced one another; the faces of the cherubim were toward the mercy seat.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 25:10-22 (see notes).
The Table of Showbread (Exodus 37:10-16)
10 ¶ He made the table of acacia wood; two cubits was its length, a cubit its width, and a cubit and a half its height.
11 And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made a molding of gold all around it.
12 Also he made a frame of a handbreadth all around it, and made a molding of gold for the frame all around it.
13 And he cast for it four rings of gold, and put the rings on the four corners that were at its four legs.
14 The rings were close to the frame, as holders for the poles to bear the table.
15 And he made the poles of acacia wood to bear the table, and overlaid them with gold.
16 He made of pure gold the utensils which were on the table: its dishes, its cups, its bowls, and its pitchers for pouring.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 25:23-30 (see notes).
The Candlestick (Exodus 37:17-24)
17 ¶ He also made the lampstand of pure gold; of hammered work he made the lampstand. Its shaft, its branches, its bowls, its ornamental knobs, and its flowers were of the same piece.
18 And six branches came out of its sides: three branches of the lampstand out of one side, and three branches of the lampstand out of the other side.
19 There were three bowls made like almond blossoms on one branch, with an ornamental knob and a flower, and three bowls made like almond blossoms on the other branch, with an ornamental knob and a flower—and so for the six branches coming out of the lampstand.
20 And on the lampstand itself were four bowls made like almond blossoms, each with its ornamental knob and flower.
21 There was a knob under the first two branches of the same, a knob under the second two branches of the same, and a knob under the third two branches of the same, according to the six branches extending from it.
22 Their knobs and their branches were of one piece; all of it was one hammered piece of pure gold.
23 And he made its seven lamps, its wick-trimmers, and its trays of pure gold.
24 Of a talent of pure gold he made it, with all its utensils.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 25:31-40 (see notes).
The Altar of Incense (Exodus 37:25-29)
25 ¶ He made the incense altar of acacia wood. Its length was a cubit and its width a cubit—it was square—and two cubits was its height. Its horns were of one piece with it.
26 And he overlaid it with pure gold: its top, its sides all around, and its horns. He also made for it a molding of gold all around it.
27 He made two rings of gold for it under its molding, by its two corners on both sides, as holders for the poles with which to bear it.
28 And he made the poles of acacia wood, and overlaid them with gold.
29 ¶ He also made the holy anointing oil and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the perfumer.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 30:1-10, 34-38 (see notes).
The Brazen Altar (Exodus 38:1-7)
1 He made the altar of burnt offering of acacia wood; five cubits was its length and five cubits its width—it was square—and its height was three cubits.
2 He made its horns on its four corners; the horns were of one piece with it. And he overlaid it with bronze.
3 He made all the utensils for the altar: the pans, the shovels, the basins, the forks, and the firepans; all its utensils he made of bronze.
4 And he made a grate of bronze network for the altar, under its rim, midway from the bottom.
5 He cast four rings for the four corners of the bronze grating, as holders for the poles.
6 And he made the poles of acacia wood, and overlaid them with bronze.
7 Then he put the poles into the rings on the sides of the altar, with which to bear it. He made the altar hollow with boards.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 27:1-8 (see notes).
The Laver (Exodus 38:8)
8 ¶ He made the laver of bronze and its base of bronze, from the bronze mirrors of the serving women who assembled at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 30:17-21 (see notes).
The Courtyard of the Tabernacle (Exodus 38:9-20)
9 ¶ Then he made the court on the south side; the hangings of the court were of fine woven linen, one hundred cubits long.
10 There were twenty pillars for them, with twenty bronze sockets. The hooks of the pillars and their bands were silver.
11 On the north side the hangings were one hundred cubits long, with twenty pillars and their twenty bronze sockets. The hooks of the pillars and their bands were silver.
12 And on the west side there were hangings of fifty cubits, with ten pillars and their ten sockets. The hooks of the pillars and their bands were silver.
13 For the east side the hangings were fifty cubits.
14 The hangings of one side of the gate were fifteen cubits long, with their three pillars and their three sockets,
15 and the same for the other side of the court gate; on this side and that were hangings of fifteen cubits, with their three pillars and their three sockets.
16 All the hangings of the court all around were of fine woven linen.
17 The sockets for the pillars were bronze, the hooks of the pillars and their bands were silver, and the overlay of their capitals was silver; and all the pillars of the court had bands of silver.
18 The screen for the gate of the court was woven of blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and of fine woven linen. The length was twenty cubits, and the height along its width was five cubits, corresponding to the hangings of the court.
19 And there were four pillars with their four sockets of bronze; their hooks were silver, and the overlay of their capitals and their bands was silver.
20 All the pegs of the tabernacle, and of the court all around, were bronze.
These specifications were given to Moses in Exodus 27:9-19 (see notes).
The Atonement Money (Exodus 38:21-24)
21 ¶ This is the inventory of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the Testimony, which was counted according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest.
22 ¶ Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the LORD had commanded Moses.
23 And with him was Aholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver and designer, a weaver of blue, purple, and scarlet thread, and of fine linen.
24 ¶ All the gold that was used in all the work of the holy place, that is, the gold of the offering, was twenty-nine talents and seven hundred and thirty shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary.
You'll notice in verse 26 that we get a count of the men at 603,550. When compared to the count in Numbers 1 (see notes), we see that this number is identical, but includes no Levites. They had apparently set themselves apart in Exodus 32:26 (see notes) after the golden-calf incident. We do see what seems like an incidental phrase in verse 21 here, "for the service of the Levites." This is the first time we specifically see mention of a special position for the Tribe of Levi in the service of the Lord. When you simply count the value of the gold in this tent along with the furnishings, it comes up to over $30 million on today's market, and that doesn't even include the silver and other materials. This turns out to be a beautiful, high-dollar dwelling place for God among his people.
The Silver Sockets...and the brass too (Exodus 38:25-31)
25 And the silver from those who were numbered of the congregation was one hundred talents and one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary:
26 a bekah for each man (that is, half a shekel, according to the shekel of the sanctuary), for everyone included in the numbering from twenty years old and above, for six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty men.
27 And from the hundred talents of silver were cast the sockets of the sanctuary and the bases of the veil: one hundred sockets from the hundred talents, one talent for each socket.
28 Then from the one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, overlaid their capitals, and made bands for them.
29 ¶ The offering of bronze was seventy talents and two thousand four hundred shekels.
30 And with it he made the sockets for the door of the tabernacle of meeting, the bronze altar, the bronze grating for it, and all the utensils for the altar,
31 the sockets for the court all around, the bases for the court gate, all the pegs for the tabernacle, and all the pegs for the court all around.
These sockets were made from the silver collected in Exodus 30:11-16 (see notes). Additional details may be found there.